Digital Audio Recording + Sampling


Recording Gold Records



Key Commands in Logic



Record = R

Save = Command S

Command Option N = New Track 


New Session = Command N

Open Session = Command O

Play / Stop = Spacebar

Record Enable= Control R

Fast Forward= shift .

Forward= .

Rewind= ,

Fast Rewind= Shift ,

Import Audio= Shift Command I

Bounce = Command B

Open Arrange Window= Command 1

Open Mix Window= Command 2

Close Session = Command W



Pro Tools Key Commands




Save = Command S

Record= command spacebar 

Command E = Make slice in waveform



Open Session= Shift Command O

Close Session = Shift Command W

New Track= Shift Command N

Mix Window = Command = 

Import Audio= Shift Command I

To change the scrolling speed choose 1-4, with one being the slowest.

Close Window = Command W

Command [ or ] zoom in and out

Command Enter = Go back to the start of the track



Pro Tools and Logic Basics

If you want to record using the built in MIDI in Logic choose software instrument, in Pro Tools choose Instrument Track.

In Pro Tools, go to the mix window and click the insert to choose an instrument.

Check the input before recording, try instrument one or two if you are using a microphone.

To record without key commands, just hit the red circle, which is record, to record enable, and then hit play to record.




I've found vinyl and the program Serato, to be great for sampling. All you have to do it drag the song into the box, and click the plus button for where you want the sample to start. To trigger the sample you don't even need a controller, you can just use the keypad, numbers 1-5 for each sample you want to be triggered. To emulate Kanye West, all you need now are some rapping skills and an 808 or Akai drum machine to layer drums over the samples. (If you can't find good instrumental drum samples already.)


A word on practicing and equipment. When I was younger I was under the illusion that becoming a good musician consisted of a magical formula of drugs, guitars, pedals and stumbling upon a good melody and rhythm by random chance. This has no logical basis. Why do you think albums like Nevermind, Dirty and Loveless are good all the way through? It's because Kurt Cobain made his band practice five hours a day, it's because Kevin Shields spend a full year practicing with just his whammy bar. It's because Sonic Youth spend years experimenting finding new sounds and using rare tunings. It's not your innate talent, everyone crawls, everyone starts out drawing stick figures and improves through hard work.  It's not your equipment, the Replacements rock out a cheap First Act guitar, and Polly was recorded on $40 acoustic guitar.  Perfect your instrument, master your style. Hard work is the only road to excellent musicianship and recording.

This doesn't just apply to music. In life, you become better at what you focus on. If you never focused on reading, you wouldn't understand any of this. Some of you may have been reading for a few years, it will take you a few minutes to read this, others have been reading their whole life, and will absorb all these ideas right away. The moral is do what you like. Do what's productive. If you want to become a famous soccer player, play soccer. Do what you love and become great at it. Skip math if you don't like it, unless you want to go to Yale, what good will it do you anyway? As Fred Wolf and Lou Reed said, "Life's a garden, dig it. You reap what you sow." 



Live slow, die young

Sound Quality 


For MP3s you want to avoid 128 which is less than half CD quality (320). Lossless files are the best to go for. Soundcloud and Bandcamp stream at 128, but Bandcamp has the option to download at 320.

Headphones and Professional Audio Vs. Hi-Fi


Those troubadour headphones for charity on Sevenly are the best I’ve ever heard. And I’ve heard Wu Tang on about 50 pairs of headphones in a music store in Brooklyn with my friend one day. The bass is fat and smooth and has a crazy separation from the mids and treble. Pillow-y would describe the sound well. Like I’ve said before, I have a theory that hi-fi consumer products are just as good or better than professional audio monitors, because everyone else listens on consumer products, and with hi-fi products you hear everything even though the response is not as flat. NS-10s are actually failed hi-fi consumer speakers. Quality is about putting the time in. 





The Official Guide to Reading Chords in Space IN FULL 

Major  Chords

A:       002220

B:       x24442

C:       032010

D:       000232

E:       022100

F:       133211

F#:      244322


Normal G:            320001

Nashville style G:   3x0033



Greetings earthling and vagrants, above are the major Tom chords, plus an F#. Read them from left to right, top string to bottom string, or your head will explode after setting on fire. The number is the fret. Fancy this, comrade, for the A chord, you don’t fret the top two strings, or the bottom string, but on the D, G, and B strings, you fret the second fret.


On the B chord, the x mean to mute the string, aka you put your finger on it, but don’t press down, so it doesn’t make much sound, like the mesmerizing ants that scurry about, carrying all your cornbread crumbs to their master.


For that final chord the F#, you can move that same chord shape up the neck, aka, a movable chord. On the 3rd fret it's a G major, then on the 4th it’s G# major, and on the 5th fret it changes like a butterfly into A major.


Remember that, between B and C and E and F no flats or sharps exist or you will be banished from eating forever. So 6th fret = A# major, 7th fret = B major, 8th fret = C major and so on.


Now put your chord skills to use with some free song chord charts …Here.



Minor  Chords


(essential minor)

Am:  002210

Bm:  x24432

Cm:  x35543

Dm:  xxx231

Em:  022000

Fm:  133111

Gm:  310001

Nashville G minor:     3x0330



A minor  577555

B minor  x24432

C minor  x35543

D minor  x57765

E minor  x79987


F minor  133111

F# minor 244222

G minor  366333


Movable Suspended Chords

(in standard)



A Sus2 002200

B Sus2 224422 

C Sus2 335533 

D Sus2 x00230



E Sus4 022200

F Sus4 133311

G Sus4 366633

A Sus4 577755 


6 Chords


A6: xx7979

B6: x24444

C6: x35555


D6: x57777


E6: x79999

F6: xx3535

G6: xx5757

  Once you learn the six chords you will be able to shoot forth a crown from thine eyeballs as illustrated above. 



7 Chords


Dominant 7 Chords


A7: x02020

B7: x21202

C7: x32310

D7: xx0212

E7: 020100

F7: 131211

G7: 320001


Major 7 Chords


A7: x02120

B7: x13231

C7: x35453

D7: x57675

E7: x79897

F7: xx3555

G7: xx5777


Minor 7 Chords


Am7: x02010

Bm7: x20202

Cm7: xx1313

Dm7: xx0211

Em7: 020000

Fm7: 131111

Gm7: xx3333


Moveable 9 Chords

I hate these jazz sounds, but to each his own.


A9: xx5455

B9: xx7677

C9: x32333

D9: x54555

E9: x76777

F9: x87888

G9: xx3233


Major 9 


AM9: xx7454

BM9: x2132x

CM9: x3243x

DM9: x5465x

EM9: x7687x

FM9: x8798x

GM9: xx5232


Minor 9


Am9: 575557

Bm9: 797779

Cm9: x3133x

Dm9: x5355x

Em9: x7577x

Fm9: x8688x

Gm9: 353335


Movable 11 Chords


A11: 575755

B11: 797977

C11: x35363

D11: x57585

E11: 020200 

F11: 131311

G11: 363633 


Movable 13 Chords


A13: xx5675

B13: xx7897

C13: 000313

D13: 030202

E13: 000000 

F13: x6776x

G13: xx3455



James Brown Chords

Here's one of the movable James Brown chords. 

B7/9: x21222

C7/9: x32333 

D7/9: x54555

E7/9: x76777 

F7/9: x87888 


Jimi Hendrix Chords

One of the movable Hendrix chords.

A7/#9:  4544xx

B7/#9:  7677xx

C7/#9:  8788xx 



Here’re a few awesome sounding triad inversions.

C:  xxx553

Cm: xxx543

G:  xxx433

G:  xxx787

F:  xxx(10)(10)(8)

G:  xxx(12)(12)(10)


Super secret chord



Open Tunings


Alternative tuning are like visiting a foreign country, they open up a whole new world of exploration. 

Here is standard tuning (Elephants And Donkeys Grow Big Ears) for comparison, amigo. On the left is your fattest string.


Standard   ~  EADGBE

Step Down  ~  D#G#C#F#A#D#

Dropped D  ~  DADGBE



7 Open Tunings


Open A:    EAEAC#E 

Open C:    CGCGCE     

Open D5:   DADADD

Open D:    DADF#AD

Open E:    EBEG#BE 

Open F:    FACFCF 

Open G:    DGDGBD 


In open E, just strum for an E major. All of these work the same way. If you bar your fingers of gold across all the strings you will be playing a major chord. For example, in Open D, if you fret all the strings at the first fret it will be a D# major chord. If you remember that between E & F and B & C, no sharps or flats exist, the wandering soul of Curtis Mayfield will be proud. Likewise, if you capo the first fret of open E, you will be playing an F chord.


The Tallest Man on Earth, Sonic Youth, and Jack White are a prime examples of an artists who utilizes alternative tunings, here are three excellent song of theirs to play. 



To play, Troubles Will Be Gone, in open G, click here.

To play The Gardener in open D, click here.

To play the King of Spain, in open C, click here. 

To play 1904, in inverse drop d, click here.

To learn Seven Nation Army, in open A, click here.